rrdcgi - create web pages containing RRD graphs based on templates

PDF version.


#!/path/to/rrdcgi [--filter]


rrdcgi is a sort of very limited script interpreter. Its purpose is to run as a cgi-program and parse a web page template containing special <RRD:: tags. rrdcgi will interpret and act according to these tags. In the end it will printout a web page including the necessary CGI headers.

rrdcgi parses the contents of the template in 3 steps. In each step it looks only for a subset of tags. This allows to nest tags.

The argument parser uses the same semantics as you are used from your c shell.

Pass 1

RRD::CV name
Inserts the CGI variable of the given name.

Inserts the CGI variable of the given name but quotes it, ready for use as an argument in another RRD:: tag. So even when there are spaces in the value of the CGI variable it will still be considered as one argument.

RRD::CV::PATH name
Inserts the CGI variable of the given name, quotes it and makes sure the it starts neither with a '/' nor contains '..'. This is to make sure that no problematic pathnames can be introduced through the CGI interface.

RRD::GETENV variable
Get the value of an environment variable.

might give you the name of the remote user given you are using some sort of access control on the directory

Pass 2

RRD::GOODFOR seconds
Specify the number of seconds this page should remain valid. This will prompt the rrdcgi to output a Last-Modified, an Expire and if the number of seconds is negative a Refresh headers.

RRD::INCLUDE filename
Include the contents of the given file into the page returned from the cgi

RRD::SETENV variable value
If you want to present your graphs in another time zone than your own, you could use

to make sure everything is presented in Universal Time. Note that the values permitted to TZ depend on your OS.

RRD::TIME::LAST rrd-file strftime-format
This gets replaced by the last modification time of the selected RRD. The time is strftime-formated with the string specified in the second argument.

RRD::TIME::NOW strftime-format
This gets replaced by the current time of day. The time is strftime-formated with the string specified in the argument.

RRD::TIME::STRFTIME START|END start-spec end-spec strftime-format
This gets replaced by a strftime-formatted time using the format strftime-format on either start-spec or end-spec depending on whether START or END is specified. Both start-spec and end-spec must be supplied as either could be relative to the other. This is intended to allow pretty titles on graphs with times that are easier for non rrdtool folks to figure out than ``-2weeks''.

Pass 3

RRD::GRAPH rrdgraph arguments
This tag creates the RRD graph defined in its argument and then gets replaced by an appropriate <IMG> tag referring to the graph. The --lazy option in RRD graph can be used to make sure that graphs are only regenerated when they are out of date. The arguments to the RRD::GRAPH tag work as described in the rrdgraph manual page.

Use the --lazy option in your RRD::GRAPH tags, to reduce the load on your server. This option makes sure that graphs are only regenerated when the old ones are out of date.

If you do not specify your own --imginfo format, the following will be used:

 <IMG SRC="%s" WIDTH="%lu" HEIGHT="%lu">

Note that %s stands for the filename part of the graph generated, all directories given in the GIF file argument will get dropped.

RRD::PRINT number
If the preceding RRD::GRAPH tag contained and PRINT arguments, then you can access their output with this tag. The number argument refers to the number of the PRINT argument. This first PRINT has number 0.


The example below creates a web pages with a single RRD graph.

 <H1>RRDCGI Example Page</H1>
 <RRD::GRAPH demo.gif --lazy --title="Temperatures"
          LINE2:cel#00a000:"D. Celsius">


This script is slightly more elaborate, it allows you to run it from a form which sets RRD_NAME. RRD_NAME is then used to select which RRD you want to use a source for your graph.

 <H1>RRDCGI Example Page for <RRD::CV RRD_NAME></H1>
 <RRD::GRAPH <RRD::CV::PATH RRD_NAME>.gif --lazy 
          --title "Temperatures for "<RRD::CV::QUOTE RRD_NAME>
          DEF:cel=<RRD::CV::PATH RRD_NAME>.rrd:exhaust:AVERAGE
          LINE2:cel#00a000:"D. Celsius">


This example shows how to handle the case where the RRD, graphs and cgi-bins are seperate directories

 <H1>RRDCGI test Page</H1>
  --imginfo '<IMG SRC=/.../gifs/%s WIDTH=%lu HEIGHT=%lu >'
  --lazy --start -1d --end now

Note 1: Replace /.../ with the relevant directories

Note 2: The SRC=/.../gifs should be paths from the view of the webserver/browser


Tobias Oetiker <>